Proceedings of the Particle Physics and Early Universe Conference (PPEUC).
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5 Thermal radiation and back-reaction 

The energy-momentum tensor of the massless scalar field is calculated from the transformation :

if and (Vendrell (1997a)). The black hole emits thus spontaneously a thermal radiation (Hawking (1975)) of temperature

To the first loop approximation, the back-reaction of the massless radiation on space-time is analysed by adding to eq.1 the trace anomaly . One obtains

where . The mass and temperature of the black hole are renormalised and become smaller

The radius of the black hole becomes larger.

PPEUC Proceedings
Thu Jun 19 16:06:54 BST 1997